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George Prentice of Tollesbury, Essex, England

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George Prentice of Tollesbury, Essex, England
By Linus Joseph Dewald Jr., Editor
Spring 2008 and Revised 7 Mar 2011

Update of 9 Mar 2011: George Prentice is #20.1) in our Fall 1999 article entitled Prentices of the Colnes, England . That article now replaces this article.

Update of 7 Feb 2008: This article is an update of our earlier Summer 2003 article about Alfred Prentice of Goldhanger, Essex, England.



1. George Prentice was b. c. 1796, Paglesham (per 1881 census), Essex, England. He appears in the 1841 census in Tollesbury Civil Parish, Essex, which lies about 3 miles NE of Goldhanger, Essex. Tollesbury lies about 2 miles SE of Tolleshunt D'Arcy. 1881 census shown as age and living in Lord Petris' Alms House, Ingatestone, Essex, which is housing for the old and poor who can no longer earn money to keep alive.

He m. Elizabeth, b. c. 1791, Essex. Presently known children:

  1. Alfred Prentice, b. c. 1817, probably Tollesbury, Essex. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [2]
  2. George Prentice, b. c. 1821, Essex. At home in 1841. He does not appear in the 1851 census. Living with his brother, Alfred, above, in the 1861 census.
  3. Elizabeth Prentice, b. c. 1822, Goldhanger, Essex. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [3]
  4. Anna Prentice, b. c. 1827, Essex. At home in 1841.
  5. Amy Prentice, b. c. 1830, Essex. At home in 1841 and 1861. She is said to have had a son:
    1. George Wood Prentice, b. c. 1852, Shenfield, Essex. 1861 at home in Fryerning, Essex. Not in 1871 census. 1881 & 1891 census in Hackney, London with his wife, Theresa H.. b. c. 1858, Dalston, Middlesex. Not in 1901 census. Children:
      1. George J. Prentice, b. c. 1877, Dalston, Middlesex. 1881 at home in Dalston. 1891 at home in Hackney
  6. Eliza Prentice, b. c. 1834, Essex. At home in 1841.

2. Alfred Prentice, b. c. 1817, probably Tollesbury, Essex, and d. before 1881. He is tentatively identified as being the same person as Alfred Prentice was b. c. 1816-17 in Goldhanger, Essex, England.

1851 census occupation: fishmonger. Living with the family of his dau., Elizabeth. He appears in the 1861 and 1871 census in Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex, which lies only about 3 miles NE of Goldhanger, as an Agricultural Labourer with his wife, Mary A., b. c. 1833, Feering, Essex. In the 1881 census Mary, without her husband, lived on Maldon Road, Private House, Tolleshunt D Arcy, Essex. Children per 1871 and 1881 census: and children:

  1. William Prentice, b. c. 1855, Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex. At home in 1871. Not in 1881 census.
  2. Eliza Prentice, b. c. 1858, Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex. At home in 1871.
  3. Alfred Prentice, b. c. 1860, Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex. At home in 1871. Not in 1881 census.
  4. Alice Prentice, b. c. 1862, Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex. At home in 1871. She appears in the 1881 census in Beddington, Surrey, as a Servant, b. c. 1862, Tollesbury, Essex.
  5. Henry Prentice, b. c. 1864, Tolleshunt, Essex, At home in 1871 and 1881. He appears in the 1891 and 1901 census in Bromley, London, with his wife, Emeline L., b, c, 1865, Bromley, London. Children:
    1. Mary A. Prentice, b. c. 1888, Bromley, London. At home in 1891 and 1901.
    2. Henry R. Prentice, b. c. 1889, Poplar, London. At home in 1891 and 1901.
    3. Louisa E. Prentice, b. c. 1891, Bromley, London. At home in 1891 and 1901.
    4. Florence Prentice, b. c. 1893, Bromley, London. At home in 1901.
    5. Alfred Prentice, b. c. 1896. Not home in 1901.
    6. Lily Prentice, b. c. 1898, Bromley, London. At home in 1901. By email of 8 Feb 2008, Aaron Birks provides the following information. Lily d. at home in Rye, Sussex in 1993. She m. William Powrie/Powry Jamieson (1892-1930). They had 1 or more children, including:
      1. Irene Jamieson (1922-2003). She m. Joe Norris Birks (1925-1958). They had 1 or more children, including:
        1. Anthony Birks (1950 - ). Son:
          1. Aaron Birks.
  6. James W. Prentice, b. c. 1868-69, Tolleshunt D'Arcy Essex. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [4]
  7. Frederick Prentice, b. c. 1874, Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex, England. At home in 1881 and 1891. He appears in the 1901 Bromley, London, census with his wife, Alice, b. c. 1878, Inworth, Essex, and children:
    1. Frederick J. Prentice, b. c. 1900, Bromley, London. At home in 1901.
    2. Alice E. Prentice, b. c. 1900, Bromley, London. At home in 1901.

Also living with the family in 1861 was George Prentice, Alfred's brother b. c. 1821, Essex.

3. Elizabeth Prentice, b. c. 1822, Goldhanger, Essex, and d. 15 Aug 1888, Westbury, Tasmania, Australia. 1851 census in Shenfield, Billericay.

She m. William James Betts on 14 May 1843, Billericay, Essex, a Coach Maker. He was b. 1816 in Wickham Bishops, Essex, and d. 27 Oct 1885 in Deloraine, Tasmania, Australia. He was the son of William Betts (1793-1868) and Susannah/Susan (b. 1791). The information about their emigration to Tasmania at Ancestry.com is as follows:

    William (aged 40 years) and Elizabeth (aged 33 years) BETTS emigrated with their 5 children George (aged 12 years), Amy (aged 10 years), Adelaide (aged 6 years) , Frederick James (aged 4 years) and Thomas (aged 2 years) on the Whirlwind from Essex where they had been living.(http://portal.archived.tas.gov.au- Arrivals, search criteria Betts- accessed 20 July 2010) They and William's brother Benjamin and his family were recruited by the Launceston Immigration Aid Society- the men of the family had trades and were considered to be fine upstanding people, which would 'improve the moral status of the "lower classes" '(from www.utas.edu/library/companion_tasmania_history/I/I).

    The Whirlwind which was the mode of transport for the Betts family left London, called into Plymouth for repairs and then the ship was hit with an outbreak of Scarlet Fever- many of the passengers were removed to a hospital hulk- 3 of William and Elizabeth's children died at sea- George, Amy and Thomas and one of Benjamin and Mary Anne's children died also (William). In total 44 people lost their lives on this voyage. The boat left Plymouth on 4th January and arrived in Launceston 86 days later. The boat finally arrived in Launceston on 31 March 1855 and the report of their arrival is listed in the Examiner Newspaper on 3rd April 1855 [(page 2 and 3) - AOT- microfilm]- the trades of the people on the boat were also listed and it was hoped that all of them would be employed in a very short time- which was the case as this was reported in the Examiner a few weeks later.

    From the Description List of Immigrants for the Whirlwind voyage it indicated that William could read and write and belonged to the Church of England. It also indicated that the three children died at sea, possibly from Scarlet Fever. Benjamin's family also had one child die and another was born on the voyage. This must have been devastating to lose 3 healthy children.

    The cost of the voyage altogether for the family was listed as 79 pounds, 15 shillings and no pence- Baby Frederick's cost was listed as 2 pounds 15 shillings and each of the children's voyage costs were 5 pounds, 10 shillings- these were paid by the Launceston Immigration Aid Society. (AOT Microfilm Z2155- CB7/12/1/4)

    When William BETTS emigrated from England his occupation was listed as a carpenter/ joiner and in Van Diemen's Land he turned his hand to become a wheelwright.

Children of Elizabeth and William:

  1. George William Betts 1843 – 1855
  2. Elizabeth Amy Betts 1846 – 1855
  3. Adelaide Maria Betts 1848 –
  4. Frederick James Betts 1851 –
  5. Thomas Betts 1852 – 1855
  6. Emma Betts 1856 – 1906
  7. William Alfred (Benjamin) Betts 1858 – 1952
  8. Amy Prentice Betts 1860 –

4. James W. Prentice, b. c. 1868-69, T D'Arcy (Tollesbury), Essex. James appears in the 1901 census in Farnington, Kent, with his wife, Kathleen/Kate (Sullivan?), b. c. 1869, Croydon, Surrey, and children:

  1. James W. Prentice, b. c. 1898-99, Altrincham, Cheshire, England. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [4]
  2. Mary L. Prentice, b. c. 1900, Farningham, Kent.

Also living with the family in 1901 was Norah Sullivan, b. c. 1867, Cork, Ireland, called a mother in law.

5. James W. Prentice, b. c. 1898-99, Altrincham, Cheshire, England. He appears in WW I military death records as a Private, Grenadier Guards, 2nd Bn., who d. at the age of 20 on 27 Aug 1918, son of James and Kathleen Prentice. His memorial is found at IV. D. 20, Mory Abbey Military Cemetery. A Google search discloses the following information:

    Mory Abbey Military Cemetery, Mory, Pas-de-Calais

    Mory is a village between Arras and Bapaume, and about 2 kilometres east of the village of Ervillers. Mory-Abbey Military Cemetery is 450 metres north of the village on the north side of the road to Ecoust-St Mein opposite a large farm called "L'Abbaye".

    Mory village was occupied by Commonwealth troops in the middle of March 1917. It was lost after obstinate defence by the 40th and 34th Division a year later and recaptured towards the end of the following August, after severe fighting, by the 62nd (West Riding) and Guard Divisions. The German burials in a plot on the west side of the cemetery were made by German troops in March-August 1918, or by Commonwealth troops in September 1918. The Commonwealth plots were begun at the end of March 1917 and carried on by fighting units until March 1918, and again in August and September 1918, as far as and including Plot III. The graves in Plots IV and V - including many of the Guards Division, and chiefly of 1918 - were added after the Armistice from the battlefields between St. Leger and Bapaume. Mory Abbey Military Cemetery contains 619 Commonwealth burials of the First World War. 101 of the burials are unidentified but there is a special memorial to one casualty known to be buried among them. The cemetery also contains 230 German burials.

Who are George Prentice's Parents?

As indicated at the top of the article, George Prentice was b. c. 1796, Essex, England. Investigation is continuing.

If you have any information about the folks mentioned in this article, please contact us at dewald@prenticenet.com.

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